These are very common types of candles, made to be burned in a container, which is usually a glass jar (or a tin). Therefore, melted wax does not drip on the surface they are placed on. Most containers are round but there are some in other shapes, like square, hexagon, and so on. They are also somewhat safe especially when there are flammable materials around them. Containers for making candles are easy to get; you can purchase one or just use a small empty glass jar at home (as far as it is thick enough and heat-resistant).
Pillar candles are free-standing candles. They are not made in jars or tins but rather are formed with molds. Only hard waxes can work with pillar candles (unless you use an additive, like stearin) because they do not have the support and need to be strong. However, they burn for a slightly longer time than container candles of the same size. It is also easy to decorate pillar candles, making various designs on the surface. Pillar candles are not very neat or safe. They drip on the surface they are placed on and can be easily toppled over. I have discussed different types of molds in another chapter.
Votive candles are very small candles (usually only two inches tall and an inch wide). They are used in special votive candle holders and are common in religious settings. They are like a blend of container and pillar candles, being that they are first made in molds and then burned in a holder. Depending on the size, they can be burned for up to ten hours!
For best effects, a cluster of votive candles being burned together is cool.
Tea Light Candles
Tea light candles are also small candles (just about one and a half-inch wide and an inch tall). They are the tiny version of container candles. Tea light candles can be used to warm food or scented oils in oil diffusers or even used in wax melters for wax melts. Scented tea light candles do not throw scent well because they have a small melt pool.
Taper candles are similar to pillar candles but are used with a candle holder (different from votive candle holders). They are usually tall and slimmer at the top. Some call them ‘dinner candles’ because they are mostly used as centerpieces on dinner tables. They come mostly unscented because their small melt pools would not allow them to throw off scent well. You can make them using a mold, by dipping or by rolling beeswax sheets around a wick.
As their name suggests, these are candles made to float on water.
Yes. They are very small (not more than two to three inches wide), usually round and usually unscented. You can place a floating candle in a jar filled with water and which has decorative materials in it like flower petals etc. They burn well as far as water does not splash on them when they are being placed in the container. Some tea light candles can be float on water too.