Different Ways To Dye Candle Wax.
Candles come in different forms and each has its own considerations.
Liquid Candle Dyes
Liquid dyes are the most concentrated of the types of candle dyes.
They come in droppers and so consistency can be achieved when making a lot of candles (just use the same number of droops). They are suitable for making almost any type of wax. Another advantage is the fact that you can simply mix two colors together to get another color. Liquid dyes have a foul odor but, not to worry, this does not in any way affect the smell of the finished candle.
When working with candle dyes, the amount you use would determine the intensity of the color but using too much would affect how your candle burns negatively. For liquid dyes, it is best to use between 0.005 to 0.15% of dye concentration. The main problem people face in the use of candle dyes is how to measure it. To do so, simply measure the weight of the wax (in grams) and multiply by your desired percentage of dye concentration. That figure is the amount of dye you need (in milliliters). Using this method, a kilogram of wax would need 0.05 to 1.5ml of dye which is roughly 2 to 50 drops, depending on the intensity you want.
When using liquid dyes, you do not want to spill them. Therefore, seal the dropper (or whatever container it is in) when not in use.
Candle Dye Flakes
They are also known as powdered dyes and need more time to dissolve when added to the wax. You should add the dye flakes to the wax when it is about 176-180°F. It is difficult to achieve exact proportions with them especially when making a lot of candles in small batches. They are best used for really big candle making projects where they are added at once and poured into containers and molds. They can also be used to make candle dye chips and blocks.
Use the same calculation as used for the liquid dyes. Use between 0.1 to 0.25% for your calculations, then measure your wax (in grams) and multiply by the chosen percentage. The result is the number of dye flakes you need in grams. That means a kilogram of wax would require 1 to 2.5 grams of dye flakes.
You just have to add the flakes to the wax when the latter is at the recommended temperature and stir for so they can bond well.
Candle Dye Chips and Blocks
Dye chips and dye blocks are similar with the difference being that the blocks are more concentrated and better for making a large number of candles. You would find them in different shapes. They are the easiest to use as no calculation is required and are best for beginners. They are made by premixing vegetable wax and powdered dye.
They are made of vegetable wax premixed with powdered dye.
They are the easiest to use though their colors do not come out as vibrant as that of liquid and powdered dyes.
You would only have to drop the chip(s) or block(s) into melting wax and stirring well and long so they can dissolve completely (they are wax to )
o . If you are using more than one, drop them one after the other, allowing one to melt before adding the next. Just as the other types, the more you use the darker the shape. For a medium color shade in a kilogram of wax, use two dye chips or one dye block for three kilograms. achieves the same for three kilograms of wax. Unlike, liquid dyes and flakes, no measurement is needed. Just do not use too much.
A less popular, but a good method for coloring candles is the use of herbs. This is the natural way to color candles. In truth, there are many dyes that are made with herbs whose colors are extracted in the process. You might wonder how to use plants for coloring candles in a way that does not clog the wick.
The trick is to use coffee filter sachets, cheesecloth, or a small muslin bag to hold your desired herbs and a string. This functions like a teabag which is then placed in melting wax or oil. It would take several hours (even a whole day) for it to tint the wax so you should heat your wax on low heat, otherwise, it would burn. You can use a crockpot for this. As the process can take really long, stir every couple of hours. Do so when you are making the candles, while the wax is melting. You can also do this with a little wax or oil before the actual candle making process. The tinted wax/oil is then added to the wax you would actually use to make your candles.
The problem with this natural method is inconsistency in color. So you should only use it to make a couple of candles and not big projects. But they are a great way to color candles which you should try. The type of herb you use determines the color you get. Turmeric is popular for this and it gives you yellow to orange color. For different shades of green, use snapdragons, rosemary, spirulina, parsley, kelp, artichokes, etc. and different plant leaves. For shades of yellow and orange, go for lemon or orange fruits peels, annatto seeds, onion skins, ground lichen, etc. Hibiscus, strawberry and cherry fruits, alkanet, paprika, rosehips, and so on would give you shades of pink to purple. You can explore various herbs and fruits for other colors.